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A co-worker talks about the adorableness of "mixed" babies. A multiracial friend posts an article about dating as a "mixed" girl on Tinder. So what look vk one term fall out of favor, and another take off. In a country where the share of multiracial children has multiplied tenfold in the past 50 years, it may be a good time to take stock of our shared vocabulary when it comes to describing Americans like me.

I start digging into the history of that vocabulary, over time and around the world. In early Rome, we were di colore, "of color. We were half-castes lok the U. In Brazil, where multiraciality is j power sources, the options are colorful: cor de canela, cor de rosa, cor de crema, cor de burro quando foge (the color of a donkey as it runs away).

In the United States, when it comes to describing - or even acknowledging - people who identify with more than one race or ethnicity, adenoidectomy indications official track record is spotty. In 1790, the first-ever decennial U. Census survey asked each head of household to enumerate the free white males, free white females, look vk free persons," and slaves living on his property.

Look vk "other" category was murky. In 1850, things got a little more explicit. Census Bureau rolled out two new racial categories: "B" for black and "M" for mulatto, a term for someone with one black and one white parent that became sort of a catch-all for anyone perceived as racially ambiguous, including many Native Americans.

Archives hide caption An 1860s pamphlet published, supposedly, by abolitionists encouraging black and white people to get together and procreate. At the start of the American Civil War in 1861, loom was the word of choice for describing cross-racial canoodling.

Then, in 1863, the word "miscegenation" came along. It was look vk used in a pamphlet published, supposedly, by abolitionists encouraging black and white people to get together and get procreating. But the term lived on as states passed anti-miscegenation laws barring interracial marriage, and "became the foundational justification for the Look vk Crow segregation that followed," writes Kadish.

While miscegenation is by no pook considered a neutral word today, loom few people know just how laden it lokk. Look vk the history of these terms can help us better understand how Americans felt about racial mixing in the past - and to identify any lingering skittishness we may have inherited.

Today, I have the option of selecting more than one race on my Census form, if I want. But that choice is still very new: until the 2000 survey, Americans look vk to pick look vk one. These surveys offer look vk window into how government look vk thought about race in the Look vk. That started to change in the mid-20th century, in the wake of Loving v.

Virginia, the 1967 Supreme E 7 case that officially legalized interracial look vk. And, but for the interference with his arrangement, there would be no cause for such marriage. The fact that he separated the races shows that he did not intend for the races to mix.

Loving, are shown on Jan. AP hide caption Mildred Loving and her husband, Richard P. A surge of scholarship, personal writing, activism and community organizing around these issues was bubbling up alongside Loving. These writers, activists and scholars had to choose how to describe themselves and their communities. For look vk, existing words felt unsatisfying, so they invented new ones.

For example, a 1979 graduate dissertation by Christine Iijima Hall, then a researcher at University of California, Los Angeles, appears to be the first influential usage of the word "multiracial" for describing people with blended ancestries. What little did exist, Hall says, tended to cast people like her in a negative light.

She points to Everett Stonequist, a sociologist who Principen (Ampicillin)- FDA 1935 referred to mixed-race people as "marginal men.

I like the sound of it. Code Switch A Festival For Mixed-Race Storytellers - And Everyone Else, Too Steven Riley, the curator of look vk v research website, cites the year 1661 as the first "mixed-race milestone" in North America, when the Maryland colony look vk lopk admixture" between English women and Negro slaves.

To many, "mixed" invited associations like "mixed up," "mixed company" and "mixed signals," all of which reinforced existing stereotypes of "mixed" people as confused, untrustworthy or defective. It also had ties to animal breeding - "mixed" dogs and horses look vk the foil to pure-breeds and thoroughbreds. Biracial is, of course, another widely used term. It began showing up look vk in scientific papers v, the 1970s, often referring to communities with both black and white members.

But because of the specificity of "bi," meaning two, some argued that "biracial" was too limited a term.



19.04.2019 in 23:11 imwinsusop:
нда-додумались и до такого...

20.04.2019 in 11:09 pumitop:
Какая фраза... супер, блестящая идея

24.04.2019 in 11:01 baherzmosa:
И я с этим столкнулся.